Bloodhounds are tough, independent and possess an unmatched sense of smell. They are often used as police dogs, assisting law enforcement with finding criminals or a lost child. This focused and energetic breed make perfect search and rescue dogs, and won’t rest until they have reached the end of their trail.
Although commonly used as police dogs, bloodhounds can also make a friendly companion in your home. Just remember they can be stubborn and require patience with obedience training – and that’s before we even mention their drool!
In this article, we’ll look at some basic facts about the bloodhound, discover the origins of the breed, and answer some frequently asked questions.
Bloodhound breed characteristics
- Bloodhounds typically reach 25-27 inches in height for males, and 23-25 inches for females. They typically weigh between 80 and 110 lbs.
- A bloodhound’s coat is short, hard and loose-skinned.
- Both their tail and ears hang down – in particular, the ears are very pendulous.
- Their coats can be black and tan, red and tan or solid tan. Some dogs are flecked with white or have a small amount of white on the chest, feet and tail.
- The wrinkles commonly found on bloodhounds appear with age.
- Bloodhounds enjoy the company of humans (including children) and other dogs, although they can be difficult to train.
- This breed is an active dog, requiring daily exercise to maintain strength and stamina for long trails (it is a common misconception that bloodhounds simply like to laze around).
A short history of the bloodhound
The exact origins of the bloodhound are not clear, but it is believed they originated in central Europe – potentially in countries such as France or Belgium.The St. Hubert hound was first bred in circa 1000 AD, and from around the thirteenth century onwards, the King of France received several pairs of black hounds as a gift from monks. After the French Revolution in 1789, these gifts to the royal family ended, and hunting went into a decline for several decades. The original St. Hubert hound died out in the nineteenth century.
In England, bloodhounds were first referenced in the 1300s, with stories written by Robert the Bruce and William Wallace involving being followed by ‘sleuth hounds’. The bloodhound was renowned for its strong sense of smell and ability to track humans – even in medieval times. The seventeenth century scientist, Robert Boyle, described how a bloodhound tracked a man across seven miles and two towns away.
Purebred bloodhounds were first introduced to the United States from Britain at the end of the 1800s. They have been used extensively by law enforcement, both in the U.S. and around the world, to track criminals and missing people. Even with technological advances, the bloodhound is still one of the most reliable tools available to agencies and law enforcement seeking to find humans.
Bloodhounds can make good family pets, although patience is required when training them, as they can be stubborn. Due to their propensity for digging and escaping from confined areas, initial training should be carried out on a leash to prevent them running away. These dogs have become accustomed to trailed, so the bloodhound will definitely benefit from regular, lengthy walks to maintain its stamina.
Although their coats do not usually require extensive grooming, it is important for bloodhound owners to pay attention to their droopy ears and facial wrinkles. From a health perspective, bloodhounds unfortunately suffer from a higher rate of gastrointestinal issues than others, including bloat. They can also experience ear, eye and skin problems. Wiping a bloodhound’s ears and coat with a warm, wet cloth can prevent bad odors or irritants building up, which can lead to infections.
Finally, you may be aware that bloodhounds are notorious for drooling anywhere and everywhere – so your home may require more frequent cleaning if you have a bloodhound as a pet!
Commonly asked bloodhound questions
Just how far can a bloodhound smell?
A bloodhound has approximately 230 million scent receptors (significantly more than human beings, who only have 5 million). This means bloodhounds can follow scent trails up to 130 miles away.
How long does a bloodhound live for?
Is evidence obtained by a bloodhound admissible in court?
Is a bloodhound a good choice for a family pet?
Bloodhounds are not just limited to police work, or assisting search and rescue missions. They can make great family pets, but bear in mind that you will need to be patient and rigorous when training a bloodhound. They mix well with people and other pets. Bloodhounds do need plenty of outdoor exercise to ensure they remain physically and mentally stimulated.